Adică, la dispoziţia "politicii comune de apărare" ("armata UE"). Indirect, la dispoziţia Germaniei. Think-tank-ul se numeşte Center for European Studies (CES).
Articolul integral (.pdf)
Rethinking the Bomb: Europe and Nuclear Weapons in the Twenty-First Century
In light of recent developments in North Korea, an examination of European attitudes towards issues relating to nuclear weapons is indeed timely. The glaring lack of any clear common European strategy on nuclear weapons policy is the subject of the latest CES publication 'Rethinking the Bomb: Europe and Nuclear Weapons in the Twenty-First Century', which was launched on 9 April 2013. Dr Marc-Michael Blum, author of the publication and a senior scientist at the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, pointed out the fragmented nature of Europe’s approach to nuclear weapons policy, labeling it as ‘incoherent.’ He continued by stressing that issues relating to a European defence strategy, particularly in relation to nuclear weapons, had been delegated to NATO. In his address, Dr Blum paid particular attention to a key policy recommendation of his study, that of creating an independent European agency for nuclear weapons policy and non-proliferation. Michael Rühle, Head of the Energy Security Section and Emerging Security Challenges Division at NATO, joined the discussion as an expert commentator congratulating Dr Blum and the CES on their bold contribution to the debate on European nuclear weapons strategy. He concurred with Dr Blum’s view that European policy in this area is fragmented and requires further discussion. He added that more must be done to encourage the EU to consider and discuss what he termed the ‘nuclear reality.’ The launch concluded with a lively questions and answers session; CES Head of Research and moderator of the event, Roland Freudenstein brought the event to a close, remarking that he hoped the event would mark the beginning of a thorough conversation on European nuclear weapons policy.
* All remarks made during this event by the speakers were made in a personal capacity.
The question of what Europe’s nuclear strategy should be is rarely discussed. While Europe continues to play a crucial role on issues relating to non-proliferation, particularly in negotiations with Iran over its nuclear programme, nuclear strategy is generally considered to be within remit of Russia, the United States and NATO. The paper identifies possible scenarios where the deployment of nuclear weapons may be justified. It also examines the use of tactical nuclear weapons, traditional means of arms control and the implications of a nuclear Iran. The author establishes a compelling case for the immediate development of a coherent European nuclear strategy. This strategy should take into account the role of nuclear weapons in maintaining peace and security in modern Europe. While conceding that during periods of financial and political crisis dialogue may not be considered a priority, the author maintains that it is essential in order to limit the risk of proliferation or the use of nuclear weapons.
(descrierea articolului CES)
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