23 ianuarie 2014

Nazi and Fascist Roots of the Ukrainian Pro-EU Protest Movement

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SpitfireList :

Hein­rich Himm­ler inspect­ing troops
of the 14th Waf­fen SS Divi­sion (Galicia)

COMMENT: For decades, we have cov­ered the OUN/B, a Ukrain­ian fas­cist orga­ni­za­tion allied with the Ger­man gen­eral staff in World War II. Hav­ing staffed the 14th Waf­fen SS (Gali­cian) Divi­sion and the Ein­satz­grup­pen (mobile exe­cu­tion squads) in the Ukraine, the OUN/B was a piv­otal ele­ment in the post­war Gehlen spy out­fit in its CIA and BND incar­na­tions, the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations and the GOP eth­nic out­reach organization.

For some time, the pro-EU/German bloc of Ukrain­ian polit­i­cal par­ties cur­rently gar­ner­ing head­lines with protests in Kiev and other cities has man­i­fested the fas­cist roots [3] and alliances of the OUN/B.

Both Yulia Timoshenko’s “Father­land” party and the UDAR party [4] net­work with the Svo­boda party of  [5]Oleg Tyag­ni­bok (“Oleh Tiah­ny­bok”) [5], which has evolved directly from the fas­cist OUN/B of Stephan Bandera.

[6] Gali­cian Divi­sion Re-enactment
OUN/B has been deeply involved with covert oper­a­tions and fig­ures in the inves­ti­ga­tion into the assas­si­na­tion of Pres­i­dent Kennedy, as well as the de-stabilization of the Soviet Union dur­ing the cli­mac­tic phase of the Cold War. With a pro­found pres­ence in the GOP’s Eth­nic divi­sion, as well as the con­tem­po­rary Ukrain­ian polit­i­cal infra­struc­ture, the OUN/B is any­thing but an his­tor­i­cal relic. The devel­op­ment of the OUN/B in both the U.S. and the Ukraine is explained in great his­tor­i­cal depth in AFA #37 [7].

In the past we have noted [8] that Yka­te­rina Chu­machenko, head of the OUN/B’s lead­ing front orga­ni­za­tion in the U.S. and Ronald Reagan’s Deputy Direc­tor of Pub­lic Liai­son, went on to marry Vik­tor Yuschenko and become First Lady of the Ukraine after the “Orange Revolution.”

With the Yuschenko regime in power, OUN/B founder Stephan Ban­dera was named a hero of the Ukraine [9]. As we see below, Roman Shukhevych  was also granted that honor. Shukhevych lead the OUN/B-staffed Ein­satz­gruppe “Nightin­gale” in its liq­ui­da­tion of the Lvov Ghetto! (Lvov has also been known as Lem­berg at var­i­ous times in its recent history.)

Now, this polit­i­cal milieu is coa­lesc­ing in the Ukrain­ian pro-EU cadre, push­ing to incor­po­rate [10] the Ukraine into the German-dominated EU.

In an update [11] “Pter­rafractyl” informs us of fur­ther evi­dence of the OUN/B roots [12] of the Ukrain­ian protest movement.

“Ukraine’s Forces Move Against Pro­test­ers, Dim­ming Hopes for Talks” by David M. Her­szen­horn; The New York Times; 12/9/2013. [5]

EXCERPT: . . . . On Mon­day evening, Ukrain­ian secu­rity forces raided the head­quar­ters of an oppo­si­tion party, Father­land, and seized com­puter servers.

The party’s par­lia­men­tary leader, Arseniy P. Yat­senyuk, is one of the main orga­niz­ers of the protest move­ment, which bal­looned in recent days to dom­i­nate the streets of Kiev and pres­sure Mr. Yanukovich after he refused to sign a polit­i­cal and trade pact with the Euro­pean Union. Father­land is best known, how­ever, as the oppo­si­tion coali­tion formed by the jailed for­mer prime min­is­ter, Yulia V. Tymoshenko, whose release has long been demanded by West­ern leaders. . . . .
. . . . Despite the action against Mr. Yatsenyuk’s party, Father­land, the author­i­ties seemed to be hold­ing back from sim­i­lar inves­ti­ga­tions of the other two par­lia­men­tary lead­ers at the fore­front of the protests, the cham­pion boxer Vitali Klitschko, of the UDAR party, and Oleg Tyag­ni­bok, of the nation­al­ist Svo­boda party.

Mr. Tyagnibok’s sup­port­ers in par­tic­u­lar are among the most fear­some demon­stra­tors and have led some of the more provoca­tive efforts to occupy build­ings and block gov­ern­ment offices. . . .

“A Broad-Based Anti-Russian Alliance”; german-foreign-policy.com; 12/3/2013. [4]

ENTIRE TEXT: The Ger­man gov­ern­ment is encour­ag­ing the protest demon­stra­tions being staged in the Ukraine by the “pro-European” alliance of con­ser­v­a­tive and ultra-rightwing par­ties. The “pro-Europe ral­lies” in Kiev and other cities of the coun­try are trans­mit­ting “a very clear mes­sage”, accord­ing to a gov­ern­ment spokesper­son in Berlin: “Hope­fully” the Ukrain­ian pres­i­dent “will heed this mes­sage,” mean­ing sign the EU’s Asso­ci­a­tion Agree­ment, which Kiev had refused to do last week, in spite of mas­sive Ger­man pres­sure. To gain influ­ence in the coun­try, Ger­many has for years been sup­port­ing the “pro-European” alliance in the Ukraine. The alliance includes not only con­ser­v­a­tive par­ties, but also forces from the extreme right — because of their strength, par­tic­u­larly in west­ern Ukraine, where a cult around for­mer Nazi col­lab­o­ra­tors is man­i­fest­ing itself. The All-Ukrainian Union “Svo­boda” party is par­tic­u­larly embed­ded in the national-chauvinist milieu, under the influ­ence of this cult. Over the past few days, the party’s leader has called for a “rev­o­lu­tion” in Kiev.

“Gen­eral Strike and Revolution”

Oleh Tiah­ny­bok, the leader of the ultra-rightwing Svo­boda (Free­dom) party is quoted say­ing “a rev­o­lu­tion is begin­ning in the Ukraine.” Tiah­ny­bok made this procla­ma­tion in Kiev dur­ing the cur­rent protest demon­stra­tions. On the week­end, approx. 100,000 peo­ple took to the streets protest­ing against the cur­rent government’s for­eign pol­icy course, and call­ing for the coun­try to become asso­ci­ated with the EU. Dur­ing their con­tin­u­ing — and increas­ingly vio­lent — demon­stra­tions, pro­test­ers are call­ing on the gov­ern­ment to stop refus­ing to sign the Asso­ci­a­tion Agree­ment with the EU. Accord­ing to media reports, numer­ous activists from ultra-rightwing orga­ni­za­tions are par­tic­i­pat­ing in the demon­stra­tions, par­tic­u­larly activists from Svo­boda. The party’s leader Tiah­ny­bok is bask­ing in the atten­tion he is receiv­ing from the inter­na­tional press. He is plan­ning a gen­eral strike to accom­plish the “rev­o­lu­tion” he announced last weekend.[1] He can rely on ultra-rightwing forces, whose influ­ence has grown over the past few years.

“National Lib­er­a­tion Movement”

The resur­gence of the cult around the for­mer Ukrain­ian Nazi col­lab­o­ra­tors, since the mid-1980s, has helped ultra-rightwing forces to enlarge their influ­ence in west­ern Ukraine and in Kiev. This cult focuses par­tic­u­larly on Stepan Ban­dera, a leader of the Orga­ni­za­tion of Ukrain­ian Nation­al­ists (OUN). The OUN joined forces with the Nazis dur­ing the inva­sion of the Soviet Union in June 1941. “Along with Ger­man units, our mili­tias are mak­ing numer­ous arrests of Jews,” wrote the OUN’s pro­pa­ganda unit fol­low­ing the inva­sion of Lviv: “Before their liq­ui­da­tion, the Jews had used every method to defend themselves.“[2] While Lviv’s Jew­ish pop­u­la­tion was falling prey to pogroms and mas­sacres in the city, Ban­dera was pro­claim­ing the estab­lish­ment of a Ukrain­ian nation.[3] One spe­cial­ist explained in ref­er­ence to Bandera’s attempt to pro­claim a nation, that today, Ban­dera and the OUN play a “very impor­tant” role in the “eth­nic self-identity” of West Ukraini­ans. The OUN is seen “less as a fas­cist party” than “as the cli­max of a national lib­er­a­tion move­ment, or a fra­ter­nity of coura­geous heroes in Ukrain­ian national history.“[4] Since the begin­ning of the 1990s, numer­ous mon­u­ments to Ban­dera have been erected through­out the coun­try. One such mon­u­ment crowns the “Boule­vard Stapan Ban­dera” in Lviv’s center.[5] Accord­ing to analy­ses, a, “for the most part, infor­mally func­tion­ing nation­al­ist civil soci­ety” has been cre­ated around the Ban­dera cult, par­tic­u­larly in West Ukraine.[6]

Col­lab­o­ra­tionist Traditions

As far back as the 1990s, this milieu has pro­duced var­i­ous ultra-rightwing orga­ni­za­tions. In 1990, the UNA Party (“Ukrain­ian National Assem­bly”) was founded, form­ing a para­mil­i­tary wing (the “Ukrain­ian National Self-Defense” — UNSO) in 1991. Yuri Shukhevych, the son of Roman Shukhevych, a Nazi col­lab­o­ra­tor, was one of its first lead­ers. Soon the “Con­gress of Ukrain­ian Nation­al­ists” (CUN) fol­lowed, which elected the for­mer OUN activist Slava Stet­sko to the Ukrain­ian Par­lia­ment in 1997. As Pres­i­dent by Senior­ity, Stet­sko had the honor of deliv­er­ing the open­ing address at the Verk­hovna Rada (Ukrain­ian Par­lia­ment) after the 1998 elec­tions. After 1945, Stet­sko had con­tin­ued to pur­sue her Ukrain­ian activ­i­ties from her exile in Munich. It was also in Munich that, since 1948, the “Ukrain­ian National Coun­cil” had held its meet­ings — in the phys­i­cal and polit­i­cal prox­im­ity of Ger­man and US intel­li­gence ser­vices. The National Coun­cil con­sid­ered itself to be the “core of the Ukrain­ian state in exile.“[7] Already in 1998, the CUN received — in elec­toral alliances with other par­ties — 9.7 per­cent of the votes in Lviv, 20.9 per­cent in Ternopil and 23.8 per­cent in Ivano-Frankivsk. At the time, the “Social National Party of the Ukraine” (SNPU), which was co-founded in Lviv in 1991 by Oleh Tiah­ny­bok and had vio­lent neo-Nazi mem­bers, was not yet suc­cess­ful in elec­tions. In 1998 Tiah­ny­bok was voted into the Ukrain­ian par­lia­ment with a direct man­date. Only after the SNPU changed its name to the “All-Ukrainian Union ‘Svo­boda’ (‘Free­dom’) in 2004, did it become more suc­cess­ful in elec­tions and the leader of Ukraine’s ultra-rightwing forces.

Heroes of the Ukraine

At the time, politi­cians, who had been closely coop­er­at­ing with Berlin, par­tic­u­larly Vik­tor Yushchenko (Ukrain­ian Pres­i­dent 2005–2010), had been engaged in activ­i­ties aimed at form­ing a broad anti-Russian alliance to inte­grate the Ukraine into the Ger­man hege­monic sphere — thereby strength­en­ing the ultra-rightwing forces. For the elec­tions in 2002 and 2006, Yushchenko’s elec­toral plat­form “Our Ukraine” coop­er­ated with CUN and enabled that orga­ni­za­tion to win three seats in the national par­lia­ment in both elec­tions. Oleh Tiah­ny­bok (Svo­boda) had tem­porar­ily been a mem­ber of the “Our Ukraine” par­lia­men­tary group. He was excluded in the sum­mer of 2004, fol­low­ing his speech at the grave of a Nazi col­lab­o­ra­tor, in which he ranted against the “Jew­ish mafia in Moscow.” That same year, Yushchenko announced that, if elected, he would offi­cially declare Ban­dera “Hero of the Ukraine.” This did not impede Berlin’s sup­port. With the “Orange Rev­o­lu­tion,” Berlin also helped him to ulti­mately be elected Pres­i­dent. Yushchenko declared Nazi col­lab­o­ra­tor Roman Shukhevych on Octo­ber 12, 2007, and Ban­dera on Jan­u­ary 22, 2010 “Heroes of the Ukraine” — as a favor to the broad anti-Russian Alliance. At that time, Svo­boda had just received its first major elec­toral suc­cess: In the March 15 regional par­lia­men­tary elec­tions in Ternopil, with 34.7 per­cent and 50 out of 120 par­lia­men­tar­i­ans, includ­ing the pres­i­dent of par­lia­ment, it emerged the strongest party.

Socially Accept­able

To secure the broad­est pos­si­ble base for their anti-Russian pol­icy, the so-called pro-European Ukrain­ian par­ties are still coop­er­at­ing with ultra rightwing forces. “Batkivschyna” (Father­land), the party of impris­oned oppo­si­tion politi­cian Yulia Tymoshenko has entered an elec­toral alliance with Svo­boda in the run-up to the last elec­tions. Thanks to this alliance, Svo­boda was able to obtain 10.4 per­cent of the votes and twelve direct man­dates and is now rep­re­sented in the Verk­hovna Rada with 37 par­lia­men­tar­i­ans. A firm oppo­si­tion coali­tion was formed, which included Svo­boda, Batkivschyna and Vitaly Klitschko’s “UDAR” party. This coali­tion is not only closely coop­er­at­ing in the Ukrain­ian par­lia­ment but also in the cur­rent protest demon­stra­tions on the streets. Batkivschyna has “sig­nif­i­cantly aided Svo­boda to become socially accept­able,” accord­ing to an expert, but it can­not be ruled out that it thereby also “dug its own grave.” Already at the 2012 elec­tions, Tymoshenko’s party lost some of its “vot­ers to the rad­i­cal nation­al­ists” because of its coop­er­a­tion with Svoboda.[8] The dynamic of rad­i­cal­iza­tion of the cur­rent protests could invig­o­rate this devel­op­ment — aided by Berlin’s active encouragement.

Party Cell Munich

With its grow­ing strength, Svo­boda is also gain­ing influ­ence on a Euro­pean level. Since the 1990s, the party has sys­tem­at­i­cally devel­oped con­tacts to var­i­ous ultra-rightwing par­ties in other Euro­pean coun­tries. For quite a while, it had been coop­er­at­ing closely with the French Front National until the FN began to cul­ti­vate a “more mod­er­ate” image. Up to the begin­ning of this year, Svo­boda had par­tic­i­pated in a net­work that also included the “British National Party” and Hungary’s “Job­bik.” It has been seek­ing closer ties to the neo-fascist “Forza Nuova” in Italy and the Ger­man NPD.[9] But, it is also estab­lish­ing its own party struc­tures in other Euro­pean coun­tries. Last August, it founded a party cell in Munich chaired by a Svo­boda city coun­cil mem­ber from Ivano-Frankivsk, who is cur­rently study­ing in the Bavar­ian cap­i­tal. Fol­low­ing its foun­da­tion cer­e­mony, the new party cell vis­ited the Munich Wald­fried­hof, indi­cat­ing a tra­di­tional link between Munich and the Ukraine: the two OUN lead­ers Jaroslav Stet­sko and Stepan Ban­dera are buried in this ceme­tery. In a press release, the party’s new cell announced that the visit had been made “in honor of those, who had died for the inde­pen­dence of the Ukraine.“[10] Sub­se­quent to their unsuc­cess­ful Nazi-collaboration, both had con­tin­ued their strug­gle for Ukraine’s seces­sion from the Soviet Union and inte­gra­tion into the Ger­man Fed­eral Republic’s hege­monic sphere of influence.

“15,000 Ukraine Nation­al­ists March for Divi­sive Ban­dera” [AP]; USA Today; 1/1/2014. [12]

EXCERPT: About 15,000 peo­ple marched through Kiev on Wednes­day night to honor Stepan Ban­dera, glo­ri­fied by some as a leader of Ukraine’s lib­er­a­tion move­ment and dis­missed by oth­ers as a Nazi collaborator.

The march was held in Ukraine’s cap­i­tal on what would have been Bandera’s 105th birth­day, and many of the cel­e­brants car­ried torches.

Some wore the uni­form of a Ukrain­ian divi­sion of the Ger­man army dur­ing World War II. Oth­ers chanted “Ukraine above all!” and “Ban­dera, come and bring order!”

How­ever, many of Bandera’s fol­low­ers sought to play down his col­lab­o­ra­tion with the Ger­mans in the fight for Ukraine’s inde­pen­dence as the leader of the Orga­ni­za­tion of Ukrain­ian Nation­al­ists, Ukraine’s fore­most nation­al­ist orga­ni­za­tion in the first half of the 20th century.

Ban­dera, who died 55 year ago, remains a deeply divi­sive fig­ure in Ukraine, glo­ri­fied by many in west­ern Ukraine as a free­dom fighter but dis­missed by mil­lions in east­ern and south­east­ern Ukraine as a trai­tor to the Soviet Union’s strug­gle against the occu­py­ing German army.
His group also was involved in the eth­nic cleans­ing that killed tens of thou­sands of Poles in 1942–44. The Orga­ni­za­tion of Ukrain­ian Nation­al­ists por­trayed Rus­sians, Poles, Hun­gar­i­ans and Jews — most of the minori­ties in west­ern Ukraine — as aliens and encour­aged locals to “destroy” Poles and Jews.

Ban­dera was assas­si­nated in 1959 by the KGB in West Ger­many. [Actu­ally, it was prob­a­bly BND that killed Ban­dera, and his assas­si­na­tion at the hands of “the KGB” was involved in part of the cover-up of the JKK assas­si­na­tion. See AFA #‘s 15 [13], 37 [7], as well as FTR #158 [14]–DE.]
In Jan­u­ary 2010, less than a month before his term in office was to end, Ukrain­ian Pres­i­dent Vik­tor Yushchenko posthu­mously dec­o­rated Ban­dera with the Hero of Ukraine award. That led to harsh crit­i­cism by Jew­ish and Russ­ian groups. The award was annulled by a court in Jan­u­ary 2011 under Pres­i­dent Vik­tor Yanukovych.

Kiev has been the scene of mas­sive pro-European protests for more than a month, trig­gered by Yanukovych’s deci­sion to ditch a key deal with the Euro­pean Union in favor of build­ing stronger ties with Russia.

The nation­al­ist party Svo­boda, which orga­nized Wednesday’s rally, was one of the key forces behind the protests, but other oppo­si­tion fac­tions have said the Ban­dera rally is unre­lated to the ongo­ing protest encamp­ment in central Kiev.

URLs in this post:
[1] Image: http://spitfirelist.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/14th-Waffen-SS-troops-inspected-by-Himmler.jpg
[2] can be obtained here.: http://www.kfjc.org/donate/index.php
[3] man­i­fested the fas­cist roots: http://www.german-foreign-policy.com/en/fulltext/58338
[4] “Father­land” party and the UDAR party: http://www.german-foreign-policy.com/en/fulltext/58701
[5] Svo­boda party of : http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/10/world/europe/ukraine-unrest.html?pagewanted=2&nl=todaysheadlines&emc=edit_th_20131210
[6] Image: http://spitfirelist.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/Deja-vu-all-over-again1.jpg
[7] AFA #37: http://spitfirelist.com/anti-fascist-archives/rfa-37-how-the-united-states-lost-the-second-world-war/
[8] we have noted: http://spitfirelist.com/for-the-record/ftr-529-nazi-roots-and-fascist-flowers/
[9]  named a hero of the Ukraine: http://rt.com/Politics/2010-01-30/bandera-hero-nationalism-yushchenko.html
[10] to incor­po­rate: http://www.german-foreign-policy.com/en/fulltext/58703
[11] an update: http://spitfirelist.com/news/nazi-and-fascist-roots-of-the-ukrainian-pro-eu-protest-movement/comment-page-1/#comment-74172
[12] OUN/B roots: http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2014/01/01/ukraine-bandera/4279897/
[13] 15: http://spitfirelist.com/anti-fascist-archives/rfa-15-the-world-anti-communist-league-pt-2/
[14] FTR #158: http://spitfirelist.com/for-the-record/ftr-158-the-life-and-times-of-senator-thomas-dodd/

3 comentarii :

Riddick spunea...

Un agent german ameninţă şi instigă în parlamentul ucrainean

Kliciko/Klitschko este "creat" de Germania, prin Fundaţia Konrad Adenauer ("şi nu numai"). - link

Liderul fracţiunii UDAR, Vitali Kliciko, l-a sfătuit pe preşedintele Ucrainei, Viktor Ianukovici, să-şi dea de bună voie demisia.

„Este singura variantă de bun simţ în această criză politică din ţară. Nu reacţionaţi prosteşte, nu duceţi ţara şi pe sine în impas. Nu împărtăşiţi soarta dictatorilor care au fugit pentru totdeauna din ţările lor”, a declarat deputatul.


Riddick spunea...

Documente din care reiese că Timoşenko are destui "scheleţi în dulap", nu doar ce a reieşit din (primul) proces:


Riddick spunea...

Divizia nr.14 SS Waffen Grenadier ("Galiţia", din voluntari ucraineni):





Citate din gândirea profundă a europeiştilor RO

Traian Băsescu, 2011: "Am făcut o trecere în revistă legată de problemele Uniunii Europene şi eu am susţinut nevoia unei mult mai puternice integrări şi nu mă jenez să reiau teza nevoii de a crea Statele Unite ale Europei. Mai mult, am subliniat faptul că nu avem timp de tergiversări şi calendarul unor decizii importante trebuie să fie foarte strâns".

Traian Băsescu, 2011: "Clasa politică este incorectă în Europa de la căderea comunismului, de 20 de ani. Oamenii politici europeni nu au ştiut când să se oprească şi şi-au îndatorat statele pentru a creşte pensiile, salariile, programele sociale. Soluţia în momentul de faţă în Europa este o integrare - Statele Unite ale Europei. Nu poţi să faci politică fiscală când politicile fiecărui stat sunt diferite".

Traian Băsescu, 2011: "Din păcate, întârzierea nu va folosi nimănui. Nu putem lăsa această misiune următoarei generaţii de politicieni. Trebuie să avem curaj s-o facem acum şi să începem să vorbim despre Statele Unite ale Europei. Dar nu numai să vorbim. Trebuie să le proiectăm şi să avem forţa politică, fiecare la noi acasă, să convingem cetăţenii că aceasta este soluţia".

Postări populare (nu P.P.E. !):