La congresul PPE de la Dublin s-au adoptat o serie de documente, printre care Programul de acţiune al PPE 2014-2019 şi Manifestul PPE. M-am uitat dinadins la pasajele privind securitatea şi apărarea, să văd ce se spune. Nimic despre NATO, în afară de o singură propoziţie în cele 40 de pagini ale Programului PPE ("All this will help to make the EU a regional security provider and at the same time a strong European pillar of the North Atlantic Alliance" / "Toate acestea vor ajuta UE să devină un furnizor de securitate la nivel regional şi un pilon european puternic al Alianţei Nord-Atlantice"), dar din text reiese că UE intenţionează să creeze un organism militar care ar substitui, practic, NATO (fără a mai fi prevăzut şi dreptul de veto al statelor membre, şi având, desigur, o mai mică eficienţă). Şi "forţe armate sub comanda UE / la dispoziţia UE" ("standby forces under EU command"). Mai apare undeva o menţionare pe scurt a "parteneriatului solid" cu SUA (un sfert de pagină, în care apare şi o condiţionare a încheierii tratatului de liber-schimb, TTIP). Altele sunt "priorităţile": o pagină şi jumătate despre "energia verde" şi "schimbările climatice", o pagină despre "relaţiile constructive cu Rusia", o pagină despre "securitatea cibernetică" şi "protecţia datelor" (de fapt, despre controlul şi cenzura internetului), şi câte 2-3 pagini despre euro, Uniunea Bancară Europeană şi "economia socială de piaţă".
La Manifestul PPE:
Promoting peace and stability in a globalized world
Europe has, more than any other continent, shaped the world in which we live. But in the past decades, other players and power centres around the world have emerged. Nation states acting alone will not be capable to defend our values and interests. In a time of increasing global concerns such as international terrorism, weapons proliferation, failed states, climate change, natural disasters and mass migration, the EU must reaffirm its values in the eyes of the world and do everything in its power to defend and promote them. Therefore, the EU must strengthen and increase the efficiency of its foreign policy. We gain strength through united action.
- EPP will boost Europe’s Foreign, Security and Defence capacities – enhancing its ability to act in the world.
A more effective European defence policy
We need a fresh start for a European defence policy that is deserving of the name. Europe is faced with old threats and new risks in a quickly changing strategic environment. Our American allies are clearly telling us that we must assume the responsibility to take care of our own security in the EU’s neighbourhood. And Member States are continuing to make uncoordinated cuts in defence spending while hesitating to use the potential of the Lisbon Treaty to make serious progress in establishing a common defence strategy.
- In the next five years, the EU must undertake much more serious efforts to pool and share its Member States’ defence capabilities.
- In the short term, it should carry out a review of national capabilities and urgently develop better ways to link civilian and military structures and personnel.
- In the medium term, the EU needs to set up a strategic military and civilian headquarters. It should launch a White Book on Security and Defence which defines our interests and sets out security priorities and objectives. This will help to provide more and better fitted civilian and military personnel in the service of missions under the Common Security and Defence Policy.
- In the long term, there should be regular formal Council meetings on European defence, a solid European industrial basis for defence and technology, and standby forces under EU command.
All this will help to make the EU a regional security provider and at the same time a strong European pillar of the North Atlantic Alliance.
The participation of the EU in international crisis prevention, the support of democracy worldwide, the fight against terrorism and working to resolve international conflicts must be central elements of a future European Foreign Policy. Common Security and Defence Policy should be based on convincing diplomacy, a sound economic base and adequate armed forces. This entails the creation of new tools, such as the establishment of a permanent operational civilian and military headquarters for better coordination, planning and conduct of operations, as well as better equipment procurement through the European Defence Agency. It also requires that the EU at once expresses the political will to take advantage of the full range of existing structures, notably the Battle Groups.
The only way to achieve this is by developing European military capabilities through cost-effective solutions by pooling and sharing resources. In other words, a more competitive and efficient EU defence and security sector is needed.
The EU Member States, which are willing to cooperate closely, must make full use of the Lisbon Treaty provision in creating the Permanent Structured Cooperation, in which not all Member States have to participate. Moreover, the defence market must be integrated into the Single Market.